The two general patterns for the growth of bamboo are "clumping", and "running", with short and long underground rhizomes, respectively. Bamboo fiber has been used to make paper in China since early times. Other species are brachystachyum, chimonobambusa, dendrocalamus and schizostachyum. Bambusa tulda is important to its environment. [36] Horses in Pará, Brazil, were diagnosed with clinical signs of somnolence and severe ataxia after ingesting B. Bamboo plant clade, plant tribe and order fall under the scientific classification of Bamboo. A high-quality, handmade paper is still produced in small quantities. In Sambalpur, India, the tender shoots are grated into juliennes and fermented to prepare kardi. [7] In Tanzania, management of B. vulgaris cultivation entails clearing of the ground around clumps. Scientific name: Zosterops japonicus. It is native to Indochina and to the province of Yunnan in southern China, but it has been widely cultivated in many other places and has become naturalized in several regions. Bamboos seldom and unpredictably flower and the frequency of flowering varies greatly from species to species. aureovariegata ; Bambusa vulgaris var. Singapore: Singapore University Press. [34] Or in 2009, United Nations Industrial Development Organization published guidelines for cultivation of bamboo in semi-arid climates in Ethiopia and Kenya. A bamboo staff, sometimes with one end sharpened, is used in the, Bamboo is used for crafting the bows, called, Bamboo was apparently used in East and South Asia as a, This page was last edited on 11 January 2021, at 22:26. [36][37] Moreover, because of the rapid growth bamboo is an effective Climate change mitigation and carbon sequestration crop, absorbing between 100 and 400 tonnes of carbon per hectare. Bamboos are a diverse group of evergreen perennial flowering plants in the subfamily Bambusoideae of the grass family Poaceae. [48] In the Philippines, the nipa hut is a fairly typical example of the most basic sort of housing where bamboo is used; the walls are split and woven bamboo, and bamboo slats and poles may be used as its support. You must know Binomial Nomenclature or Scientific Name of Bamboo × Close Register here. The binomial name of common bamboo is Bambusa vulgaris. [5][11] This bamboo is known for its chartreuse leaves with green stripes, which look absolutely beautiful in early summer and spring. However, all these are the names of one and the same type of shrimps. It takes on the flavor of anything it is cooked with. Lucky Bamboo Plant. Kuntze: Kaaono (Bis.) The triumphant farmer returned to the landlord and demanded his daughter. The bamboo shoot in its fermented state forms an important ingredient in cuisines across the Himalayas. In this article we will tell you what kind of shrimp it is, all intricate details of how to keep it in a tank and why is called so. Historical Perspectives on East Asian Science, Technology and Medicine. Cultivated around the world, it is generally found in East, Southeast, and South Asia. In Konkani cuisine, the tender shoots (kirlu) are grated and cooked with crushed jackfruit seeds to prepare kirla sukke. Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. These rats can also carry dangerous diseases, such as typhus, typhoid, and bubonic plague, which can reach epidemic proportions as the rodents increase in number. Rank Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae ... American long-leaved bamboo Bambusa longispiculata bamboo Bambusa multiplex hedge bamboo Bambusa oldhamii . The Indian state of Sikkim has promoted bamboo water bottles to keep the state free from plastic bottles [45]. This may be due to rats feeding upon the profusion of flowers, then multiplying and destroying a large part of the local food supply. [22] Because bamboos can be aggressive as early successional plants, the seedlings would be able to outstrip other plants and take over the space left by their parents. [7] At the interval of several decades, the whole population of an area blooms at once,[13] and individual stems bear a large number of flowers. Download this stock image: Bamboo Moso Scientific Name Phyllostachys Pubescens growing Queensland Australia dsc 9090 - A0KKF9 from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). The mass fruiting also has direct economic and ecological consequences, however. However, the size range for mature bamboo is species-dependent, with the smallest bamboos reaching only several inches high at maturity. [7] Vegetation propagates through clump division, by rhizome, stem and branch cutting, layering, and marcotting. [7], B. v. var. The subfamily in its current sense belongs to … In the next year, the pulpy wall of each culm slowly hardens. You must know Binomial Nomenclature or Scientific Name of Bamboo × Close Register here. 1988. It has a long and detailed history and is one of the most versatile plants in the world. These seeds give rise to a new generation of plants that may be identical in appearance to those that preceded the flowering, or they may produce new cultivars with different characteristics, such as the presence or absence of striping or other changes in coloration of the culms. After Shun's death, the tears of his two bereaved wives fell upon the bamboos growing there explains the origin of spotted bamboo. & Zucc.). The name “Phyllostachys” means "leaf spike" and refers to the inflorescences while the specific epithet “aurea” refers to the golden color of old culms and was used by Carrière and later by A.& C. Rivière to name this species (Ohrnberger, 1999). Bamboo has been traditionally used in Malaysia as a firecracker called a meriam buluh or bamboo cannon. [21] The shoots emerge in a tight or open habit (group), depending on the species; common bamboo has open groups. Bambusa vulgaris, common bamboo, is an open-clump type bamboo species. These four plants also represent the four seasons and, in Confucian ideology, four aspects of the junzi ("prince" or "noble one"). It is a part of the kingdom plantae, the order poales, and the family poaceae. East Asian artists, poets, and epicures have long celebrated the beauty and utility of bamboo in paintings and verse. Their way of feeding is their peculiarity. In Nepal, a delicacy popular across ethnic boundaries consists of bamboo shoots fermented with turmeric and oil, and cooked with potatoes into a dish that usually accompanies rice (alu tama (आलु तामा) in Nepali). The resulting acetylene gas is ignited with a stick, producing a loud bang. Soft bamboo shoots, stems and leaves are the major food source of the giant panda of China, the red panda of Nepal, and the bamboo lemurs of Madagascar. Bamboo or wooden strips were used as the standard writing material during the early Han dynasty, and excavated examples have been found in abundance. Similarly, steamed tea is sometimes rammed into bamboo hollows to produce compressed forms of Pu-erh tea. Categories of Bambooworking include: Bamboo, like true wood, is a natural building material with a high strength-to-weight ratio useful for structures. As the number of rodents increases, they consume all available food, including grain fields and stored food, sometimes leading to famine. Several branches develop from mid-culm nodes and above. The shoot is now a fully mature culm. The Plant List Many ethnic groups in remote areas that have water access in Asia use bamboo that is 3–5 years old to make rafts. [6][7], Bambusa vulgaris forms moderately loose clumps and has no thorns. [15] In the Americas, bamboo has a native range from 47 °S in southern Argentina and the beech forests of central Chile, through the South American tropical rainforests, to the Andes in Ecuador near 4,300 m (14,000 ft). The shoots that have turned a little fibrous are fermented, dried, and ground to sand-sized particles to prepare a garnish known as hendua. Bamboo is also native through Central America and Mexico, northward into the Southeastern United States. 31 genera: Acidosasa, Ampelocalamus, Arundinaria, Bashania, Bergbambos, Chimonobambusa, Chimonocalamus, Drepanostachyum, Fargesia, Ferrocalamus, Gaoligongshania, Gelidocalamus, Himalayacalamus, Indocalamus, Indosasa, Kuruna, Oldeania, Oligostachyum, Phyllostachys, Pleioblastus, Pseudosasa, Sarocalamus, Sasa, Sasaella, Sasamorpha, Semiarundinaria, Shibataea, Sinobambusa, Thamnocalamus, Vietnamocalamus, Yushania. SCIENTIFIC NAME OF COMMON BAMBOO – In this topic, we are going to know and identify the scientific name of common bamboo. Oxytenanthera auriculata (Kurz) Prain: Buddha's common bamboo (Engl.) Bamboos are of notable economic and cultural significance in South Asia, Southeast Asia and East Asia, being used for building materials, as a food source, and as a versatile raw product. [7][31], Though not suited for small yards, as it grows in large clumps,[13] young plants of golden bamboo can be grown in large containers. Some of the hardiest bamboo species can be grown in USDA plant hardiness zone 5, although they typically defoliate and may even lose all above-ground growth, yet the rhizomes survive and send up shoots again the next spring. In Chinese culture, the bamboo, plum blossom, orchid, and chrysanthemum (often known as méi lán zhú jú 梅蘭竹菊 in Chinese) are collectively referred to as the Four Gentlemen. It is very easy to grow and maintain. In many areas of the world, the sap levels in harvested bamboo are reduced either through leaching or postharvest photosynthesis. No cutting is done during rainy season (July-September) and broken and malformed culms are first harvested.[43]. Judd, WS, CS Campbell, EA Kellogg, PF Stevens, MJ Donoghue [eds.]. This rapid growth and tolerance for marginal land, make bamboo a good candidate for afforestation, carbon sequestration and climate change mitigation. Horace Freestone Clay, James C. Hubbard and Rick Golt. [7], The two major threats to the species are small bamboo borers (Dinoderus minutus), which as adults bore stems in India, China, Philippines, Australia, and Japan, and bamboo weevils (Cyrtotrachelus longimanus), which destroy shoots during their larval stage in South China. In turn, these caterpillars are considered a local delicacy. Bamboo has traditionally been used to make a wide range of everyday utensils and cutting boards, particularly in Japan,[57] where archaeological excavations have uncovered bamboo baskets dating to the Late Jōmon period (2000–1000 BC). [5] It also is used to make furniture, basketry, windbreakers, flutes, fishing rods, tool handles, stakes, weapons, bows for fishing nets, smoking pipes, irrigation pipes, distillation pipes, and more. In the Congo, its leaves are used as part of a treatment against measles; in Nigeria, an infusion of macerated leaves is taken against sexually transmitted diseases and as an abortifacient – the latter has been shown to work in rabbits. info) is a group of woody perennial grasses in the true grass family … In the case of the Philippine bamboos, there are a number of taxonomic problems. Flora of North America Editorial Committee. There are many different species in the bamboo family, and each has its own unique qualities. Bamboo is also the national plant of St. Lucia. The selected clones were further purified by selective breeding and the Superior Characters are fixed by Asexual Propagation through Micro Propagation in a Tissue Culture Lab. The plant is commonly marketed as "lucky bamboo". [7], Among all bamboos, only shoots of B. vulgaris contains taxiphyllin (a cyanogenic glycoside) that functions as an enzyme inhibitor in the human body when released,[33] but degrades readily in boiling water. Kuntze: Aonoo (Bik.) Bamboo is an alternative to plastic that is renewable and can be replenished at a fast rate. Plant Systematics: A Phylogenetic Approach, 296–301. Chan, Alan Kam-leung and Gregory K. Clancey, Hui-Chieh Loy (2002). Bamboo (Bambusa) Interesting Information About Plant: Bamboo can be grown in most climates. Vegetables + Lamb's Lettuce. It is a preferred species for erosion control. Symbol Scientific Name Other Common Names; BAGL3: Bambusa glaucescens (Willd.) It is very easy to grow and maintain. Shun passed the test of being able to run his household with the two emperor's daughters as wives, and thus Yao made Shun his successor, bypassing his unworthy son. Working and machining properties of the stems are poor, as they are not straight, not easy to split, and not flexible, but they are thick-walled and initially strong. S.Satya, L.M. The scientific name of Bamboo is the botanical name or formal name. It can reduce soil erosion. This bamboo is known for its chartreuse leaves with green stripes, which look absolutely beautiful in early summer and spring. The fine-grained silica produced in the joints of bamboo stems has been used as a medicine in the Orient for centuries under the name tabasheer. [28], Some bamboo species are acknowledged as having high potential for becoming invasive species. The common name for Viburnum dentatum, "arrowwood," is indicative of its traditional use in the Once flowering takes place, a plant declines and often dies entirely. While this plant has the common name of bamboo it is not an actual bamboo plant species and belongs to the dracaena genus, although the stalks have a similar appearance. It is also possible to make dissolving pulp from bamboo. Bamboo plantations can be readily harvested for a shorter period than tree plantations.[42]. It is used alongside many dried beans in cooking during winters. Live bamboo that has been left standing too long frequently develops fungal decay, discoloring the wood with brown or black streaks and patches. As these names vary from region to region, scientists came up with one single name for all plants, which are called scientific names. [20][21] The relationship between rat populations and bamboo flowering was examined in a 2009 Nova documentary "Rat Attack". Certain species of bamboo can grow 910 mm (36 in) within a 24-hour period, at a rate of almost 40 mm (1 1⁄2 in) an hour (a growth around 1 mm every 90 seconds, or 1 inch every 40 minutes). [7] Bamboo's strength-to-weight ratio is similar to timber, and its strength is generally similar to a strong softwood or hardwood timber. Common Name(s): Bamboo Scientific Name: Hundreds of species among dozens of genera from the Poaceae (grass) family (Many timber-producing bamboos are from the Phyllostachys and Bambusa genera) Distribution: Most timber-producing bamboos are from south Asia Tree Size: Some of the largest bamboos can be up to 50-100 ft (15-30 m) tall, with a 3-6 in (10-20 cm) diameter Dwarf Green Stripe bamboo’s scientific name is Pleioblastus. It also provides shelter for many animals. The name is derived from the Sanskrit word for bamboo shoot, karira. In fact, many species only flower at intervals as long as 65 or 120 years. Perennial Flowers + Moneyplant. Bamboo was in widespread use in early China as a medium for written documents. [37] Farmers in Africa sometimes prefer to buy it rather than plant it, as they believe it harms the soil.[38]. Bambusa vulgaris, Bambusa balcooa, and Dendrocalamus stocksii are common examples of such bamboo. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class Bamboos include some of the fastest-growing plants on Earth, with reported growth rates up to 910 mm (36 in) in 24 hours. [9] A decoction of the growing tips is mixed with Job's tears (Coix lacryma-jobi) to make a refreshing drink in Mauritius. [25][26] The hypothesis claims that bamboo flowering intervals grew by integer multiplication. Scientific Name of Bamboo and Asparagus is used by scientists worldwide. Regardless of the degree of openness of each species' clumping habit, none of the clumpers are considered invasive. In a Chinese legend, the Emperor Yao gave two of his daughters to the future Emperor Shun as a test for his potential to rule. Coarse bamboo paper is still used to make spirit money in many Chinese communities. The Song Dynasty (960–1279 AD) Chinese scientist and polymath Shen Kuo (1031–1095) used the evidence of underground petrified bamboo found in the dry northern climate of Yan'an, Shanbei region, Shaanxi province to support his geological theory of gradual climate change.[63][64]. ex Lindl) Nakai: Giant buddha's belly bamboo (Engl.) In modern times, some see bamboo tools as an ecofriendly alternative to other manufactured utensils. For example, devastating consequences occur when the Melocanna bambusoides population flowers and fruits once every 30–35 years[27] around the Bay of Bengal. Bambusiocola thoracicus is the scientific name to chinese bamboo quail which is bird not a plant. Many Nepalese restaurants around the world serve this dish as aloo bodi tama. [60][61], Due to its flexibility, bamboo is also used to make fishing rods. This bamboo is native to China and gets its common name from its lumpy internodes, which resemble the bulging belly of Buddha. Bamboo Palm (Chamaedorea seifrizii). Photo by Flickr.. In any case, flowering produces masses of seeds, typically suspended from the ends of the branches. SCIENTIFIC NAME OF COMMON BAMBOO – In this topic, we are going to know and identify the scientific name of common bamboo. D. Louppe, A.A. Oteng-Amoako and M. Brink (edit.). [40], Bamboo is harvested from both cultivated and wild stands, and some of the larger bamboos, particularly species in the genus Phyllostachys, are known as "timber bamboos". Many Buddhist temples also have bamboo groves. [7] In extreme droughts, it may defoliate completely. Bamboo Genus and Other Classification. In old times, people in India used hand made pens (known as Kalam) made from thin bamboo sticks (with diameters of 5–10 mm and lengths of 100–150 mm) by simply peeling them on one side and making a nib-like pattern at the end. Trees-Acacia. In Malaysia, a similar story includes a man who dreams of a beautiful woman while sleeping under a bamboo plant; he wakes up and breaks the bamboo stem, discovering the woman inside. Bamboos include some of the fastest-growing plants in the world,[5] due to a unique rhizome-dependent system. Culms are basally straight or flexuose (bent alternately in different directions), drooping at the tips. the Anomochlooideae, the Puelioideae, and the Ehrhartoideae. Clark, LG, W Zhang, JF Wendel. Scientific names are name used by scientists, especially the taxonomic name of an organisms that consist of the genus and species. [10], The bambusoid taxa have long been considered the most "primitive" grasses, mostly because of the presence of bracts, indeterminate inflorescences, pseudospikelets (units of inflorescence or flower clusters and glumes or leaf-like structures in woody bamboos that is similar to spikelets or clumps of grass[16][17]), and flowers with three lodicules (tiny scale-like structure at the bottom of a florets or clump of grass flowers, found between lemma, the lowest part of spikelets, and sexual organs of the flower), six stamens, and three stigmas. [3], In bamboo, as in other grasses, the internodal regions of the stem are usually hollow and the vascular bundles in the cross-section are scattered throughout the stem instead of in a cylindrical arrangement. Arundarbor spinosa (Buch.-Ham.) It is the East Asian genus of the monopodial bamboo. Phyllostachys strata (Lodd. The average fiber length is similar to hardwoods, but the properties of bamboo pulp are closer to softwood pulps due to it having a very broad fiber length distribution. One hypothesis to explain the evolution of this semelparous mass flowering is the predator satiation hypothesis, which argues that by fruiting at the same time, a population increases the survival rate of its seeds by flooding the area with fruit, so even if predators eat their fill, seeds will still be left over. They use 8 to 12 poles, 6–7 m (20–23 ft) long, laid together side by side to a width of about 1 m (3 ft). Kuntze: Batakan (Bis.) In the Asia-Pacific region they occur across East Asia, from north to 50 °N latitude in Sakhalin,[13] to south to northern Australia, and west to India and the Himalayas. The Japanese folktale "Tale of the Bamboo Cutter" (Taketori Monogatari) tells of a princess from the Moon emerging from a shining bamboo section. Unlike all trees, individual bamboo culms emerge from the ground at their full diameter and grow to their full height in a single growing season of three to four months. The sap of young stalks tapped during the rainy season may be fermented to make ulanzi (a sweet wine) or simply made into a soft drink. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. In this species, all plants of the same stock flower at the same time, regardless of differences in geographic locations or climatic conditions, and then the bamboo dies. Following more recent molecular phylogenetic research, many tribes and genera of grasses formerly included in the Bambusoideae are now classified in other subfamilies, e.g. [21] The Bambuseae are a group of perennial evergreens in subfamily Bambusoideae, characterized by having three stigmata and tree-like behavior,[23] that are in turn of the true grass family Poaceae. Graceful bamboo Scientific name: Bambusa Textilis Gracilis Description: Graceful bamboo is a slender weaver bamboo which has a graceful appearance. Kauayan, bamboo, Bambusa bambos: Philippine Herbal Medicine - An illustrated compilation of medicinal plants in the Philippines by dDr Godofredo Stuart, with botanical information, chemical properties and … The Hans Sporry Collection in the Ethnographic Museum of Zurich University. Many uses are found in herbal medicine, though the effects are not clinically proven. Siebold ex Munro: golden goddess bamboo BANA3: Bambusa nana Roxb. In Assam, India, for example, it is called khorisa. To accomplish this, the fibers are broken down with chemicals and extruded through mechanical spinnerets; the chemicals include lye, carbon disulfide, and strong acids. The longest mass flowering interval known is 130 years, and it is for the species Phyllostachys bambusoides (Sieb. Likewise, identification of bamboos with common or local names, is absolutely discouraged because a bamboo species has many local names not only in the place where it grows, but also in the town or provinces, where it is found growing or marketed. Nodes are slightly inflated. Bamboo harvested at the correct time of year and then exposed to ground contact or rain will break down just as quickly as incorrectly harvested material.[44]. Examples include clothing such as shirt tops, pants, sock for adults and children as well as bedding such as sheets and pillow covers. giant cane", "Bamboo Farming: An Opportunity To Transform Livelihoods", "Muli bamboo (plant) – Encyclopædia Britannica", "Thinning bamboos, with itchy consequences", "Bamboo as a complementary crop to address climate change and livelihoods – Insights from India", "RESS RELEASE: NEW REPORT REVEALS THE BENEFITS OF BAMBOO FOR LAND RESTORATION", "UNDERSTANDING BAMBOO'S CLIMATE CHANGE POTENTIAL", "About International Network for Bamboo and Rattan", "Bamboo: A Multipurpose Agroforestry Crop", "Structural Bamboo Design in East Africa", "In Fight Against Plastic Pollution, Sikkim Introduces Bamboo Water Bottles For Tourists", "India's first biofuel refinery to harness fuel out of bamboo", "Hong Kong Journal; For Raising Skyscrapers, Bamboo Does Nicely", "\"Competition Bureau Takes Action to Ensure Accuracy for Textile Articles Labelled and Advertised as Bamboo\, "Four Companies Charged with Labeling Rayon Clothing As Bamboo", "Selected physical properties of commercial bamboo flooring", "Made in Africa: Bamboo bikes put Zambian business on right track", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bamboo&oldid=999776941, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2016, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles needing additional references from June 2014, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing additional references from August 2009, Articles containing Nepali (macrolanguage)-language text, Articles needing additional references from May 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2018, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Vague or ambiguous time from October 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Articles with disputed statements from May 2014, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Texas Redbud. Bamboo shrimp (Atyopsis moluccensis) has lots of different names. Harvesting of bamboo is typically undertaken according to these cycles: In India Bamboo grows as an undergrowth in Forests of Central India. The landlord decided to foil the marriage with an impossible deal; the farmer must bring him a "bamboo tree of 100 nodes". Its shoots boiled in water are sometimes used for medicinal qualities. [15], B. vulgaris grows mostly on river banks, road sides, wastelands, and open ground, generally in the low altitudes. Preferred Scientific Name. Dracaena sanderiana is a species of flowering plant in the family Asparagaceae, native to Central Africa. [30] It often is planted as fences and border hedges. A skin prick test using bamboo extract was positive for the immunoglobulin E (IgE) in an available case study.[31][32][33]. [citation needed] Around 5–8 years later (species- and climate-dependent), the fungal growths cause the culm to collapse and decay. 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